Cyril Domb (born 9 December 1920 d. 2012) is a physicist best known for his lecturing and writing on the theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena of fluids, as well as for his writings on Science and Judaism. Born in London in 1920 into an Orthodox family, Domb studied and lectured in some of the most renowned academic institutions, while contributing to Jewish society and the wider world around him.
Cyril Domb studied at Hackney Downs School and Pembroke College, Cambridge; his Doctoral advisor was Fred Hoyle.
After graduating from Pembroke College, Cambridge, in 1941, Domb joined the research group on radar at the Admiralty Signal Establishment in Portsmouth as part of the war effort. The Admiralty’s radar systems could successfully detect enemy aircraft but gave no indication of their altitude.
Domb helped develop a system that overcame this problem, in conjunction with several other scientists working at the Signal Establishment, including noted English astronomer and mathematician Sir Fred Hoyle.
He was university lecturer in mathematics at Cambridge University between 1952 and 1954 and Professor of Theoretical Physics at King’s College London between 1954 and 1981.
Having moved to Israel, Domb served as a professor on the faculty at Bar-Ilan University, and was also a visiting professor at the University of Maryland, Yeshiva University, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Weizmann Institute of Science. Domb was Professor of Physics at Bar-Ilan University between 1981-89 and is currently Professor Emeritus there. He was also Academic President of the Jerusalem College of Technology. He was the recipient of the Max Born prize in 1981.
He was President of the Association of Orthodox Jewish Scientists. Professor Domb at the behest of the Lubavitcher Rebbe began to compile articles designed at reconciling purported contradictions between science and Judaism. In addition to his scientific works and publications, devoted much time to the explanation of conflicts between science and traditional Jewish beliefs. The fruits of this labor began the proceedings of the Association of Orthodox Jewish Scientists and was published in the collections titled “Challenge” and “Encounter”. He resided with his wife Shirly in Israel together with their six children and numerous grandchildren.